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How to Write a Believable Character

Nov 24, 2020 | Articles, Characters

Writing a believable character can prove to be difficult when starting a new story or writing project. This is because, as writers, we often get infatuated with the plans we have for the plot and tend to get swept up in our fictional world and a process of the things that are about to happen. This is not a bad thing; however, it becomes problematic if we don’t fully flesh out the characters that are experiencing these happenings.

Great stories are reliant on great characters. If your characters don’t feel or act like real people, no one will care about the trials and tribulations you put them through. Furthermore, as the writer, when you know your character well, writing becomes more comfortable because you will already have eliminated the guesswork. Writing characters that are real and believable can be difficult, but if given the proper time and effort, your characters can carry your story. So, what do you have to do to write a believable character?

The most important thing to do to write a character that your reader believes happens behind the scenes. When planning characters and how they fit into your story, it is essential to answer these three key questions that will influence your character’s actions.

1. To Write a Believable Character, ask yourself: What does your character want?

First, you must figure out your character’s purpose. Why are they in the story in the first place? What are they there to do? Make sure that you have well thought out answers to these questions, or your character will feel lifeless. Your audience won’t care about your character if they are there just to be there. Without a purpose, characters are lifeless. Your reader doesn’t have to like your character, but they surely have to care about them enough to be intrigued by them. Think about all the classic anti-heroes, like Michael Corleone or Tony Soprano. You may not agree with their purpose or any of their life choices, but you’re still invested in them.

2. Why do they want it?

The second thing you must decide about your characters is their motivation. Why do they want what they want? Interesting characters, just like interesting people, are motivated by a deep and personal desire. Your character can want something simple like a glass of water or something grandiose like world domination. Whatever it is your character wants, they have to care about it enough to make them actively go out and get it. Your character’s motivation is like the engine of your story. It is the thing that drives your character’s choices in everything that he does. Without it, their purpose would feel empty and useless.

3. What’s stopping them from getting what they want?

The third thing you must decide for your characters is a major conflict that keeps them from getting what they want. Conflict is the backbone of your story. It’s as simple as this: If you don’t have a conflict, you don’t have a story; you just have a bunch of stuff that happened.

As a writer, you have to understand what’s at stake in your story to know what will happen once the character does or doesn’t get what they want and the consequences of their failure or success.

When we talk about conflict in a story, there are two fundamental kinds that you should be dealing with; internal conflict and external conflict.

Internal conflict is what the character is going through within themselves; what they have to overcome to get their desire. In other words, a major flaw that keeps them from being perfect. How is your character flawed? What makes them imperfect for the task at hand? Too often, as writers, we want things to go well for our characters. We root for them; we want them to always win. In doing so, we often write our characters to be unbelievably perfect. Good characters are not perfect. Their ability to overcome despite their flaws is what makes them lovable and ultimately believable. Readers can relate to a flawed protagonist who must do their best to overcome a challenge.

External conflict is a resistance from a force outside of your character that they have to face in order to get what they want. There are three primary types of external conflict:

  1. Character vs. character: In this type of external conflict, a character struggles against another. Perhaps both characters want the same goal (to survive the Hunger Games…), or maybe one character wants to prevent the other from causing chaos or destruction (Harry engaging in a battle against a certain dark lord who must not be named). This is the most common type of external conflict in a story.
  2. Character vs. society. In this type of external conflict, your character is placed against larger social forces, such as corrupt government, a cultural tradition, or societal norms of some kind. For example, in Romeo and Juliet, the two star-crossed lovers struggle against their feuding families. In Harper Lee’s To Kill A Mockingbird, lawyer Atticus Finch faces immense criticism from the townsfolks for defending Tom Robinson, a black man wrongly accused of raping a white girl in a small Alabama town.
  3. Character vs. nature. In this type of external conflict, the main character struggles against a natural force that can range from the weather, predatory animal, or an epidemic disease outbreak. This is perhaps the simplest of all types of external conflict. Some famous examples of this type of conflict are Ernest Hemmingway’s The Old Man and the Sea, Peter Benchley’s thriller Jaws, or Yann Martel’s Life of Pi.


Creating a believable fictional character can be tricky. Humans are complicated, and replicating a human or a human-like creation from scratch can be near impossible. But by starting with these three key questions, you will ensure that your characters feel as real as possible. Your characters must be capable of overcoming challenges while dealing with the daily inadequacies that all humans experience every day. When you do this, you give your reader a character that they can see themselves in. A character that they can hold near and dear to their heart because, just like them, they’re only human.



  1. Junamo

    This was a great read Cantiara. I’ve bookmarked it to refer back to!

  2. Nickie85

    Thanks so much for this information. I am still pretty new to all this and it helps to have a basis or foundation when developing my characters so I don’t have to go back and make changes over and over again. I don’t want to write some shallow or vapid characters unless it is with intention but I also don’t want the traits of my characters to be so perfect they just aren’t believable.  

  3. words.worth

    Thank you for taking out the time to write this in detail. It would definitely help me when I am creating characters for my future stories.
    I have faced situations where I got stuck with the progress of characters. With experience, I realized that it is important to create a sort of character chart (before beginning the story) and ensure that I am creating a balance between what audience want and how I want my character to be.

    • machla

      This article is so accurate. I love how the article goes into detail about how to make a character realistic. With emotion and flaws because nobody is perfect and their is always something everyone has to come to terms with themselves. This article is really amazing and I recommend to anyone struggling with writing or who has a writer’s block to read this article, because it would really help them out. These are the short and simple key points I will keep in mind, next time writing a story and building a character.

  4. petardz

    You’re totally right! Especially with the “What’s stopping them from getting what they want?” part. We should evoke some empathy from readers, which will attract them to reading further through the story. I think that’s the most important thing when it comes to “believable” characters.

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